The International EPD® System is a global programme for voluntary and transparent communication of the life cycle environmental impacts of goods and services. Since the publication of the first EPD in 1999, the database at currently consists of more than 850 certified environmental product declarations from organisations in 40 countries.

After publication of an EPD, the International EPD® System includes the possibility to adapt the information given to specific user needs and market applications with the concept of “single-issue EPDs”. A single-issue EPD may, for instance, have the form of a climate declaration, extracting the information related to climate change based on the indicators in the EPD. The climate declarations contains information about the product,  information about the company, declaration of the environmental impact for the chosen issue based on relevant indicator and impact category as displayed in the EPD, etc. As other social, economic, and environmental impacts arising from the provision of this product may be of equal or greater importance than the single impact category displayed, the climate declaration refers to the EPD for further information.

The scope of the programme includes any type of product from any organisation in any country where there is a market demand to communicate its life cycle-based environmental information. The resulting EPDs are open to a number of applications and target audiences, including but not limited to business-to-business and business-to-consumer communication. The information may also be used internally in the organisation, such as in environmental management systems or eco-design.


In Sweden, information and life cycle environmental impact is used as a voluntary instrument primarily between business-to-business or business-to-government communication. The main building assessment schemes used in Sweden (LEED, BREEAM and Miljöbyggnad) have criteria related to EPDs. The interest for using of EPD in green public procurement is growing, driven among others by the Swedish Transport Administration, which incentivizes lowering greenhouse gas emissions from products’ life cycles with a certain percent compared to a baseline.

In 2017, Sweden passed legislation with the goal to have net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2045.

Visit the Climate Declaration section of the International EPD® system.